Ethnobotanical Survey of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Used in Traditional Medicine and Agri-Food in The Fez-Meknes Region

Hamza El Finou, Nadia Salhi, Asma Halmoune, Lhoussaine El Rhaffari


In order to identify the medicinal plants used in agri-food and traditional medicine by the population of Fez-Meknes region (Morocco), a floristic and ethnobotanical study was carried out in 4 provinces of this region (Fez, Meknes, Azrou, Taza). Questionnaire forms were used to survey the usual users of the plants and herbalists and to collect as much information as possible on the therapeutic and dietary use of aromatic and medicinal plants in the region. For plants used for food, our survey identified 29 species divided into 26 genera and 16 families, including herbaceous plants (70%), trees (16.60%), shrubs (10%) and bushes (3.30%). The study of the medicinal flora used in traditional medicine also allowed the inventory 81 species belonging to 47 families. Leaves are the most commonly used part and the majority of remedies were prepared in the form of infusion (47%) and decoction (26%). Among all the diseases treated, digestive diseases are the most cited (25%), followed by dermatological diseases (21%). The present study allowed us to evaluate some traditional practices used by the Fez-Meknes region population. In this context, it is essential to carry out similar investigations in other regions of the kingdom, in order to safeguard this precious natural heritage by means of a monograph that is as complete as possible and to validate the remedies and preparations identified using rigorous scientific protocols.


Agri-food; ethnobotany; medicinal plants; monograph; traditional medicine

Full Text:



Agbatutu, A., Ogie-Odia, E. A., Ifedele, M. O., Abdulrasaq, F. M., Eseigbe, D., & Imade, F. N. (2022). Ethnobotanical Survey of Plants Used in The Management of Peptic Ulcer Diseases in Wukari Metropolis. Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry, 11(2), 137–143.

Bammou, M., Daoudi, A., Sellam, K., Rhaffari, L. el, Ibijbijen, J., & Nassiri, L. (2015). Étude Ethnobotanique des Astéracées dans la Région Meknès-Tafilalet (Maroc). International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies.

Benkhnigue, O., Zidane, L., Fadli, M., Elyacoubi, H., Rochdi, A., & Douira, A. (2012). Etude ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales dans la région de Mechraâ Bel Ksiri (Région du Gharb du Maroc). Acta Botanica Barcinonensia, 53.

Bigendako-Polygenis, M. J., & Lejoly, J. (1990). The traditional pharmacopoeia in Burundi. Pesticides and medicines in animal health. Near. Univ. Namur, 425-442.

Bigendako-Polygenis, M.J., & Lejoly, J. (1990). Pesticides et médicaments en santé animale: rencontre interdisciplinaire Nord-Sud de technologies, 16-17-18 février 1989, Bruxelles/Liège (Belgique), 425.

Bitsindou, M. (1996). Enquêtes sur la phytothérapie traditionnelle à Kindamba et Odzala (Congo), et analyse des convergences d'usage des plantes médicinales en Afrique centrale.

Celestina Oluranti, A., Oguejiofor Michael, U., Chinenye Jane, U.-O., & Anoka Ayembe, N. (2012). Ethno botanical studies of medicinal plants used in the management of Peptic ulcer disease in Sokoto State, North Western Nigeria. International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2(9).

Cunningham, A. B. (1996). Recommandations pour les zones à usages multiples et les alternatives de développement autour du parc national de Bwindi Impénétrable, Ouganda. Peuples, Parcs et Plantes.

Eddouks, M., Maghrani, M., Lemhadri, A., Ouahidi, M. L., & Jouad, H. (2002). Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases in the south-east region of Morocco (Tafilalet). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 82(2–3).

EL Rhaffari, L., & ZAID, A. (2008). Formulation de médicaments traditionnels aux oasis du sud-est du Maroc - Un savoir empirique pour une pharmacopée rénovée. Santé Décision Management, 11(1–2), 65–78.

Hmamouchi, M. 1999. Les plantes médicinales et aromatiques marocaines. Utilisations, biologie, écologie, chimie, pharmacologie, toxicologie — Imprimerie de Fédala, Mohammedia (Maroc), 389 p.

Hseini, S., & Kahouadji, A. (2007). Étude ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale dans la région de Rabat (Maroc occidental). Lazaroa, 28(28).

Jouad, H., Haloui, M., Rhiouani, H., el Hilaly, J., & Eddouks, M. (2001). Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes, cardiac and renal diseases in the North centre region of Morocco (Fez-Boulemane). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 77(2–3).

Lahsissene, H., & Kahouadji, A. (2010). Analyse ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales et aromatiques de la flore marocaine: cas de la région de Zaër. Phytothérapie, 8(4).

Mehdioui, R., & Kahouadji, A. (2007). Etude ethnobotanique auprès de la population riveraine de la forêt d’Amsittène : cas de la Commune d’Imi n’Tlit (Province d’Essaouira).

Mikou, K., Rachiq, S., & Jarrar Oulidi, A. (2016). Étude ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales et aromatiques utilisées dans la ville de Fès au Maroc. Phytotherapie, 14(1).

Pousset, J. L. (1989). Plantes médicinales africaines: utilisation pratique (Vol. 159). Ellipses.

Salhi, S., Fadli, M., Zidane, L., & Douira, A. (2010). Etudes floristique et ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales de la ville de Kénitra (Maroc). Lazaroa, 31, 133–146.

Tahraoui, A., El-Hilaly, J., Israili, Z. H., & Lyoussi, B. (2007). Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used in the traditional treatment of hypertension and diabetes in south-eastern Morocco (Errachidia province). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 110(1).

Umartani, L. A., & Nahdi, M. S. (2021). Ethnobotanical Study of Edible Plant Communities on the Slopes of Mount Merapi and Merbabu, Indonesia. Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry, 10(1), 33–39.

Ziyyat, A., Legssyer, A., Mekhfi, H., Dassouli, A., Serhrouchni, M., & Benjelloun, W. (1997). Phytotherapy of hypertension and diabetes in oriental Morocco. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 58(1).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Hamza El Finou, Nadia Salhi, Asma Halmoune, Lhoussaine El Rhaffari

Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry
ISSN 2089-6514 (paper) - ISSN 2540-9328 (online)
Published by Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University & Society for Indonesian Biodiversity.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC