Physiological Response of 'Segreng' Rice Plant (Oryza sativa L.) to Biogas Sludge at Wukirsari Village, Cangkringan, Sleman

Dwi Umi Siswanti, Nindy Senissia Asri, Mifta Arlinda, Arianda Poetri Shofia Rochman, Akrima Syahidah

Abstract


Wukirsari Village, Cangkringan District is belong to Merapi Mountain’s slopes which located between the Gendol River and Yellow River. Nowadays, we faced the problem of anorganic fertilizer overused such as Urea, ZA, TSP/SP-36 and KCl in agriculture land. The effort to return the soil organic compound can be done by added some organic compounds or microbial bio -organic fertilizer. Sludge is fermented biodigester yield and it has lost its gas. The aim of this research was to understand the physiological response and optimum dose of biogas as planting medium to ‘Segreng’ Rice planted in the rice field of Wukirsari Village, Cangkringan District, Sleman Regency. This research was done on greenhouse scale and rice field scale. The treatment given on 0; 1; 1,5; 2 and 2,5 liters per 100 m2 of rice field areas, and given on 0; 4; 8; 12; and 24 ml per 5 kg soil on polybags. Data were taken in three repetitions. The vegetative growth parameters included plant height, number of leaves, number of seedlings and chlorophyll content, while generative growth parameters measured included NRA levels, dried biomass including crown/stem, roots, filled grains, empty grains, and total weight and number of filled grains, empty rains, and the number of panicles. The result were tested with ONE WAY ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) with SPSS version 19 for Windows and followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test with 95% significance level (α = 0.05). Generally, the result showed that biogas sludge can increase the vegetative and generative growth of rice plant ‘Segreng’ on polybag scale and rice field scale. The rice plant on polybag with 4 ml biogas sludge was significantly different on the vegetative growth and chlorophyll content, while the rice plant on polybag with 8 ml biogas sludge was significantly different on the generative growth and NRA levels.

Keywords


Physiological Response; Sludge; Biogas; ‘Segreng’; Wukirsari

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulrachman, S., M. J. Mejaya, N. Agustiani, I. Gunawan, P. Sasmita, A. Guswara. 2013. Legowo Cultivation System. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Kementerian Pertanian. Subang. p: 8

Alavan, Ade, Rita Hayat, dan Erita Hayati. 2015. Pengarhun Pemupukan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Beberapa Varietas Padi Gogo (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Floratek 10: 61-68.

Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. 2016. Rata-rata Konsumsi Per Kapita Seminggu Beberapa Macam MakananPenting. https://www.bps.go.id/linkTabelStatis/view/id/950. Accessed on 1st April 2016.

Ginting. 2007. Teknologi Pengolahan Limbah Peternakan. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatra Utara. Medan.

Hartiko, H. 1983. Leaf and root in vivo nitrate reductase activities of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) cultivars and hybrids. Ph.D Dissertation of University of the Phillipines. Los Banos, p: 1-32

Pahruddin, A., Maripul dan P. Rido. 2004. Cara tanam padi sistem legowo mendukung usaha tani di desa bojong, cikembar sukabumi. Buletin Teknik Pertanian, 9(1): 10-12

Redono, Cucuk. 2016. Respon Petani Terhadap Penggunaan Pupuk Organik Pada Tanaman Padi Sawah di Kelurahan Bokoharjo Kecamatan Prambanan Kabupaten Sleman. Jurnal Agrica Ekstensia. Vol. 10 No.1st, June 2016. p. 29

RPJM Pemerintah Desa Wukirsari. 2014. Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Desa (RPJMDes) Wukirsari, Cangkringan, Sleman. Unpublished.

Siswanti, D.U. 2015. Pertanian Organik Terpadu Di Desa Wukirsari, Sleman, Yogyakarta Sebagai Usaha Pemulihan Kesuburan Lahan Terimbas Erupsi Merapi 2010 Dan Pencapaian Desa Mandiri Sejahtera. Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement. Vol. 01 No. 01, September 2015.

Steenis, Dr. C.G.G.J van. 1988. FLORA: Untuk Sekolah Indonesia. PT. Pradnya Paramita. Jakarta. p. 127.

Sutejo, M.M. 1995. Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Suzuki, K, Takesi W and Volum.2001. Concentration and Critalization of Phosphate, Ammonium and Mineral in the Effluent of Biogas Digester in the Mekong Delta. Jerrrean and Contho University Vietnam. Vietnam. p.3




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/biomedich.2018.71.21-26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Dwi Umi Siswanti, Nindy Senissia Asri, Mifta Arlinda, Arianda Poetri Shofia Rochman, Akrima Syahidah



Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry

ISSN 2089-6514 (paper) - ISSN 2540-9328 (online)
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University &
Society for Indonesian Biodiversity

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC