Krokot (Portulaca oleracea L) As a Natural Sensitizer for TiO2 Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: The Effect of Temperature Extract

Reyza Anni Mufidah, Khamidinal Khamidinal, Endaruji Sedyadi, Didik Krisdiyanto

Abstract


The solar cell is formed by a sandwich structure, in which two electrodes flank the primary electrolyte that is containing redox I-/based on PEG (Polyethylene Glycol). The working-electrode which is TiO2 layer on an ITO glass substrate is sensitized with krokot dye as the electron donor. The counter electrode is a layer of carbon. The fabrication cell is immersed with the krokot dye with 40°C, 50°C, 60°C extract temperature. The result of the UV-Vis shows that the absorption of wave-length from dye extract of krokot is located in the visible region with the absorbance peak in 420,5 nm and 665,5 nm which are the peak of chlorophyll. For the UV-Vis solid system, there are the highest band gap  in  50°C extract temperature that make the capability of absorption toward UV spectrum is large. Furthermore, in the functional group analysed by FT-IR, there are shiften-carbonil and hydroxyl group after they are sensitized. From the current and voltage test with I-V meter keithley 2400 is resulted that on the 50°C extract temperature produces the highest efficiency of reaches which is 2.63 x 10-3 %.


Keywords


Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC); krokot dye; chlorophyll; TiO2

Full Text:

PDF

References


Yuwono, A. H,; Dhaneswara, D,; Ferdiansyah, A,; Rahman, Arif. Sel Surya Tersensitasi Zat Pewarna Berbasis Na-nopartikel Tio2 Hasil Proses Sol Gel Dan Perlakuan Pasca Hidrotermal. Jurnal material dan energi indonesia Vol 01 no. 03. 2011. 127-140

O'Regan.; Gratzel. A Low Cost, High-Eficiency Solar Cell Based On Dye-Sensitized Coloidal Tio2 Film. Nature. 1991, 737-740

Gratzel, M. dy-sensitized solar cell. journal of photochemistry and photobiology.2003. 145,153.

Ludin, N.A.; Narosikin, A.A.M.; Mahmoud, A.A.; Muhammad, A. A.; Kadhum A.A.H..; Sopian, K.; Nor Karim, S.A. Review on the development of nature dye photosensitizer for dye sensitized solar cell. Renewable And Suinable Energy. 2014, 386-396.

Abdullah. Mikrajuddin.; Khairurijal.. Karakterisasi Nanomaterial teori, Penerapan, dan pengolahan Data. CV. Rezeki Putera Bandung: Bandung. 2010.

Lee, Yeji.; Kang, Misook. The optical of nanoporous structured titanium dioxide and the photovoltaic efficiency on DSSC. material chemistry and physics. 2010. 284-289.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/biomedich.2015.42.25-29

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Reyza Anni Mufidah, Khamidinal Khamidinal, Endaruji Sedyadi, Didik Krisdiyanto



Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry

ISSN 2089-6514 (paper) - ISSN 2540-9328 (online)
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University &
Society for Indonesian Biodiversity

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC