Ethnobotanical Study of Edible Plant Communities on the Slopes of Mount Merapi and Merbabu, Indonesia

Lita Ayu Umartani, Maizer Said Nahdi

Abstract


Ethnobotany is a study of the interaction between local people and their natural environment, especially regarding the use of plants as food and medicinal ingredients. Edible plants are a daily basic need whose existence is a necessity for the people on the slopes of Mount Merapi and Merbabu. How to use plants is transferred from generation to generation to form a culture. The research was carried out in March-May 2020 with the aim of digging local knowledge about plants used as food, including staple food, vegetables and medicines by studying the species diversity, including the benefits of plant parts, habit, how to use, process and how to obtain these species. The data were collected by using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods with in-depth interviews through 40 respondents who were selected by purposive sampling. The results showed that the communities on the slopes of Mount Merapi and Merbabu used 74 plant species from 37 families as food sources. The favorite family is Fabaceae, followed by Zingiberaceae and Solanaceae. The most widely used habitus of plants were herbs (36.49%), followed by bush (28.38%), shrubs (18.92%) and trees (16.22%). Plant parts that are widely used are leaves (29.73%), fruit (17.57%), tubers (10.81%), seeds (9.46%), roots, rhizomes and flowers (6.76%), shoots (5.40%), stems (2.70%) and water, skin and heartwood (1.35%). The most common ways to use it are eaten raw as vegetables (29.73%), boiled (16.22%) and drink (12.16%). How to obtain it are through own cultivation (72.97%), and buying at the market (21.62%). The highest use values were Adas (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) (0.25), chili pepper (Capsicum annum L.) (0.20), turmeric (Curcuma dosmetica loir) and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) (0.17). The highest importance values were rice (Oryza sativa L.) (5.23%), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) (4.57%).


Keywords


Culture; Ethnobotany; in-depth interviews; Rice (Oryza sativa L.); Mount Merapi; Mount Merbabu

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggraini F. (2013). Aplikasi Plasticizer Gliserol Pada Pembuatan Plastik Biodegradable Dari Biji Nangka. Semarang: Jurusan Kimia Fakultas MIPA UNNES.

Astawan M. (2003). Pangan Fungsional untuk Kesehatan yang Optimal. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Backer, A.C & Van Den Brink.B.C.R. (1963). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes Only) Vol. I. N.V.P. The Netherlands: Noordhoff-Groningen.

Backer, A.C & Van Den Brink.B.C.R. (1965). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes Only) Vol. II. N.V.P. The Netherlands: Noordhoff-Groningen.

Backer, A.C & Van Den Brink.B.C.R. (1968). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes Only) Vol. III. N.V.P. The Netherlands: Noordhoff-Groningen.

Cotton, C.M. (1996). Etnobotany.Principles and Applications. UK John Willey & Sons Inc London: Roehamton Insitute London.

Efremila, Wardenaar, E, Sisilia L. (2015). Studi Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Oleh Etnis Suku Dayak di Desa Kayu Tanam Kecamatan Mandor Kabupaten Landak. Jurnal Hutan Lesatari 3(2): 234-246.

Gunawan, A. (2014). Food combining, makanan serasi pola makan untuk langsing dan sehat. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Heyne K. (1987). Tumbuhan berguna Indonesia II. Jakarta: Badan Litbang Kehutanan.

Martin Gj. (1998). Etnobotani: Sebuah Manual Pemeliharaan Manusia dan Tumbuhan (diterjemahkan oleh Maryati Mohamed). Edisi Bahasa Melayu. Malaysia: Natural History Publication (Borneo) Sdn Bhd.

Nahdi MS, Nugraheni, I, dan Arsyah DC, (2016). The Etnobotany of Medical Plants in Supporting the Family health in Turgo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 17 (2): 900-906.

Nahdi, Maizer, Ardyan Pramudya Kurniawan. (2019). The Diversity and Etnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in the Southern Slope of Mount Merapi, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Jurnal Biodiversitas, 20 (8): 2279-2287.

Newall, C., Anderson I, Philipson. J. (1995). Herbal Medicines. The school of Pharmacy University of London: Departemen of Pharmacognosy.

Nita, AB. (2017). Etnobotani Tumbuhan Pangan dan Obat Masyarakat Suku Arfak di Kampung Warmare, Kabupaten Manokwari. Jurnal UAJY: 1-15.

Payung Y.R, Miswan dan Pitopang, R. (2016). Studi Etnobotani Tumbuhan Pangan pada Suku Kaili Ija di desa Bora Kecamatan Sigi Biromaru Kabupaten Sigi Sulawesi Tengah. Biocelebes. 10 (1): 27-44.

Permana.E., Nasution, I.P dan Gunawijaya.J. (2011). Kearifan Lokal Tentang Mitigasi Bencana Pada Masyarakat Baduy. Jurnal Makara 15(1): 67-76.

Savitri, E., S. (2008). Rahasia Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat Perspektif Islam. Malang: UIN Press.

Silalahi, M, Nisyawati, Walujo E.B dan Mustaqim W. (2018). Etnomedisin Tumbuhan Obat Oleh Subetnis Batak Phakpak Di Desa Sarung Mersada, Kabupaten Phakpak Bharat, Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar 19(2): 77-92.

Sukamto. 2007. Babadotan (Ageratum conyzoides) Tanaman Multi Fungsi. Jurnal Warta Puslitbangbun 13(3).

Sukmawati, N., Eny, Y., Pitopang, R. (2013). Studi Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Pada Masyarakat Suku Kaili Rai di Desa Toga Kecamatan Ampibabo Kabupaten Parigi Moutong Sulawesi Tengah.Jurnal Biocelebes, 7(2): 9-16.

Zaman, Q., Hariyanto, S. dan Purnobasuki, H. (2013). Etnobotani Tumbuhan di Kabupaten Sumenep Jawa Timur. Jurnal Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam 16 (1): 21-30.

Zuhdi, AC. (2012). Krisis Lingkungan Hidup Dalam Prespektif Islam. Jurnal Mutawatir 2(2): 140-162.

Zulharman, Z, Yanuwiyadi B, Baroto J. (2015). Etnobotany and Food Plant Community Sambori District Bima Regency West Nusa Tenggara Indonesia. Natural B, Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences 3(2): 198-204.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/biomedich.2021.101.33-39

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Lita Ayu Umartani, Maizer Said Nahdi



Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry
ISSN 2089-6514 (paper) - ISSN 2540-9328 (online)
Published by Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University & Society for Indonesian Biodiversity.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC